DOWIE, John Alexander (1847-1907)


DOWIE, John Alexander (1847-1907)
faith-healer and preacher, founder of Zion City
was born in Edinburgh on 25 May 1847, the son of John Murray Dowie, tailor and preacher. In 1860 he was brought with his parents to Adelaide, and later obtained employment in a grocery business. He became a member of Hindmarsh Square Congregational church, and a thorough student of the Bible. From a child he had been interested in religious questions, and when about 21 years of age he went to Edinburgh to study for the ministry. He returned to Australia and became pastor of a Congregational church at Alma, a country town about 50 miles from Adelaide. He afterwards went to Sydney and in 1876 was minister of the Newtown Congregational church. In 1877 he published Rome's Polluted Springs, the substance of two lectures given at the Masonic hall, Sydney. In 1879 he also published at Sydney The Drama, The Press and the Pulpit, revised reports of two lectures given in the previous March. About this time he gave up his pastorate as a Congregational clergyman. and became an independent evangelist, holding his meetings in a theatre and claiming powers as a faith-healer. Coming to Melbourne in the early eighteen-eighties he attracted many followers and was able to build a tabernacle of his own. He had a successful preaching tour in New Zealand, in 1888 went to San Francisco, and two years later to Chicago where he had increasing success. The attempts of the medical profession to stop his work by having recourse to the courts only succeeded in advertising him. In 1896 he organized the "Christian Catholic Apostolic Church in Zion". He was sometimes described as "Elijah the Restorer", "The Prophet Elijah", "The Third Elijah". In 1901 he founded Zion City about 40 miles from Chicago with money contributed by his followers. The title-deeds of the area of 6000 acres were in Dowie's name, and he had complete power as owner of the city and overseer of the church. In April 1906, during his absence in Mexico, a revolt in which his own family joined took place, and he was deposed. Dowie endeavoured to recover his authority through the law courts without success, and now in broken health was obliged to accept an allowance until his death on 9 March 1907.
Dowie when attired in his robes had an impressive appearance. He had great powers of persuasion and a forthright and often abusive style of speaking, which somehow imposed his views on his audience. How far he was himself sincere it is impossible to say, and in his later years he may have been the victim of some form of mania, as during his last illness he suffered from hallucinations.
The Times, 11 March 1907; Dictionary of American Biography, vol. V; A. S. Kiek, An Apostle in Australia. There is a biography of Dowie by Rolvix Harlan which it was not possible to consult.

Dictionary of Australian Biography by PERCIVAL SERLE. . 1949.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Dowie, John Alexander — ▪ American religious leader born May 25, 1847, Edinburgh died March 9, 1907, City of Zion, Ill., U.S.       U.S. evangelist and faith healer who founded the Christian Catholic Church and the City of Zion.       Dowie moved with his family to… …   Universalium

  • John Alexander Dowie — For other people of the same name, see John Dowie (disambiguation). John Alexander Dowie Alexander Dowie in his robes as Elijah the Restorer Born 25 May 1847(1847 05 25) Edinburgh, Scotland …   Wikipedia

  • John Alexander Dowie — (* 25. Mai 1847 in Edinburgh; † 9. März 1907 in City of Zion) war ein bedeutender schottischer Kongregationalist in den Vereinigten Staaten. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Lebensweg 2 Der Glaubensheiler …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Dowie — biographical name John Alexander 1847 1907 American (Scottish born) religious leader …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • John Dowie — may refer to:*John Alexander Dowie (1847–1907), Scottish clergyman who founded Zion, Illinois *John Dowie (artist) (1915–2008), Australian sculptor and painter *John Dowie (humourist) (born 1950), English comedian, musician and writer …   Wikipedia

  • Dowie — ist der Name folgender Personen: Claire Dowie (* 1956), englische Schriftstellerin, Regisseurin und Schauspielerin Iain Dowie (* 1965), nordirischer Fußballspieler und Fußballtrainer John Alexander Dowie (1847–1907), schottischer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Zion City — John Alexander Dowie (* 25. Mai 1847 in Edinburgh; † 9. März 1907 in City of Zion) war ein bedeutender schottischer Kongregationalist in den Vereinigten Staaten. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Lebensweg 2 Der Glaubensheiler …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Christian Catholic Apostolic Church — Christ Community Church in Zion, Illinois, formerly the Christian Catholic Church or Christian Catholic Apostolic Church, is an evangelical Protestant church founded in 1896 by John Alexander Dowie. The city of Zion was founded by Dowie as a… …   Wikipedia

  • ZCC — Der Davidstern ist das Symbol der Zion Christian Church Die Zion Christian Church (ZCC) (sinngemäß in deutsch: Zion Christenkirche) ist eine Zionkirche, was eine pfingstlich charismatische, evangelikale und episkopale Ausrichtung beschreibt, wie… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Joseph Pomeroy Widney — (December 26, 1841 mdash; July 4, 1938) was a polymathic pioneer American physician, medical topographer, scholar educator, clergyman, entrepreneur philanthropist, proto environmentalist, prohibitionist, philosopher of religion, controversial… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.